Bondtech LGX Shortcut Copperhead Short Filament Path Print Head

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LGX Shortcut Copperhead Printhead

LGX Shortcut Copperhead Printhead

Master All Materials * Excel With Flexibles

The LGX Shortcut Copperhead Printhead is a special unit that includes the LGX Large Gears eXtruder and the LGX Shortcut short filament path hotend based on Copperhead, that will master all materials and excel with the soft and flexible.

Its main feature is a 27mm shorter filament path than the standard screw mount Copperhead hotend.

Looking for the LGX Shortcut Copperhead Hotend?
Click here.

This LGX Print Head only supports 1.75 mm size filament.

Price:

$178.00

Only 16 left in stock (can be backordered)

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Product Includes:

We renamed the Bondtech LGX FF.
New name is LGX™ Shortcut. Current available version is the LGX Shortcut Copperhead.

Designed To Be Flexible

The LGX Shortcut Copperhead Hotend includes a reversible heat sink that can be installed on the left or right hand side of the cold block. The heat sink also includes the hole pattern for attaching 40×40 fans.

Cooling down the heat break

Our tests suggest a 4010 fan is enough to cool down the cold block and the cold zone of the heat break, even with such small contact surface to the heat sink.

In case you have an application where additional cooling is required, try using a 4020 fan or 2 LGX heat sinks, one on each side.

Main Advantages

  • Gives access to all available materials.
  • Enables to print flexible and soft materials faster.
  • It is small and light.
  • Allows mounting in many different ways.

Compatible nozzles

The hot block included in this product is compatible with the RepRap standard of nozzles. Below is a list of compatible versions.
Click each link to open the related product page.

Freight Weight 410 g
Dimensions 14 × 8 × 11 cm

Technical Specification

LGX extruder
  • e-steps value : 400 using 16 microsteps; 800 using 32 microsteps.
  • Drive wheels : hardened steel;
  • Materials compatibility : abrasive; rigid; semi-flexible; flexible; and soft.
  • Mounting holes : M3
  • Mounting patterns : bottom anterior (2 points); left (2 points), right (2 points), front (4 points), back (4 points)
  • Holes on the sides of the LGX™ : 5 mm depth
  • Holes on the bottom of the LGX™ : 12 mm depth
  • Max tightening torque on the extruder screws is 0.3 Nm
Using a plate between the extruder and the stepper motor
  • Max thickness : 2.6 mm
  • Optimal Thickness : between 0.3 and 2.3 mm;

Optimal Thickness allows full teeth engagement between the motor gear and the main double gear.

For Klipper users

rotation_distance = full_steps_per_rotation * microsteps / steps_per_mm

rotation_distance = 200 * 16 / 400
rotation_distance = 8

The above calculation assumes the following parameters:

  • stepper motor is a 1.8 degrees motor hence 200 as full steps per rotation;
  • microsteps are set to 16;
  • e-steps value recommended for the LGX is 400.

 

Although we recommend to use the rotation_distance instead of the gear_ratio, we inform the LGX gearing ratio is 44:14, 37:17.

  • To use the LGX directly attached to the hotends listed below,
    PTFE tube lengths should be:
    • Old Mosquito/Mosquito Magnum : 10 mm
    • New Mosquito/Mosquito Magnum : 11 mm
    • Copperhead screw mount : 30 mm
    • PTFE tube should be cut straight on both ends.
    • Slight chamfer inside is recommended, but not mandatory.
  • retraction speed : 35 mm/s
  • retraction distance (bowden) : ~5 mm (0.4 + tube length[mm] x 0.015)
  • retraction distance (direct drive) for rigid materials : 0.4 mm
  • retraction distance (direct drive) for soft materials : 3 mm
  • Max Environment operating temperature : 70°C
  • Max stepper motor running temperature (using LGX) : 80℃
  • Recommended stepper motor Current (using LGX) : 0.45 to 0.60 A (RMS)
  • LGX™ DD net weight : 218.6 g
  • LGX™ B net weight : 224 g
  • Package measurements : 80x103x73 mm
  • Package weight : 269 g
  • Download the LGX Technical Drawings here.
Custom Stepper Motor for Bondtech LGX
  • Requires cable with PHR-6 connector
  • 2 phases
  • DC 3.1 V
  • Max 0.7A / phase

      To use the LGX®, run the stepper motor with currents between ~0.45 and ~0.65A:

      Be vigilant regarding the stepper motor surface temperature.
      Keep it cool enough to touch. Lower Vref otherwise.

  • Class H motor, rated up to 180°C
    • Max recommended environment : 70°C
    • Max temperature at this environment temperature can go up to 130°C on account of the self heating.
  • Download the stepper motor Technical Data Sheet here.

How to change the Current using Vref

It is very hard to read the current being fed to stepper motors. To determine that current we rely on the Vref value. The Vref value is a voltage reference measured in VDC that can be read using a multimeter. It helps us setting the current output of the stepper motor driver.

Different 3D printer mainboards use different stepper motor drivers. Each type of stepper motor drivers has its own formula to calculate the required Vref to get a specific current. Here are some examples:

  • TMC stepper drivers.
    The formula for these drivers is Vref = ( I * 2.5 ) / Imax
    Where I is the target current value measured in A; and Imax is 1.77 on regular mode and 1.2 on SilentStepSticks mode.

  • Pololu A4998.
    The formula for these drivers is Vref = I * 8 * R
    Where I is the target current value measured in A; and R is the Sense Resistor value, that depends on what board are you using. Melzis use 0.1. The Creality Silent boards use 0.15, ...

    LGXShortcut Copperhead Hotend
    • Cold Block Material : Anodized Aluminum;
    • Heat Sink Material : Anodized Aluminum;
    • Copperhead Hot Block materials : steel tube; copper body; nickel plating.
    • Max operating (nozzle) temperature : 450°C
    • Max tightening torque on the extruder screws is 0.3 Nm
    • Max tightening torque on the heatsink/cold block screw is 0.6 Nm
    • Cooling fan mounting : 2 holes, M3 thru-all 10mm
    • LGX Shortcut Copperhead hotend net weight : 55.5 g
    • Package measurements : 80x103x73 mm
    • Package weight : 96 g

Addressing A Hot Stepper Motor

To use the LGX®, LGX® Lite or LGX® Lite Mirrored, run the stepper motor with currents between ~0.45 and ~0.65A.

This current interval is just a recommendation and it should be optimal to keep the stepper motor running with enough torque and low enough surface temperature.


Be vigilant regarding the stepper motor surface temperature.
Keep it cool enough to touch. Lower the current otherwise.

If the stepper motor is cool and loosing steps you need more torque.
In this case increase the current.

To adjust the LGX's stepper motor current use one of the following methods:

It is very hard to read the current being fed to stepper motors. To determine that current we rely on the Vref value. The Vref value is a voltage reference measured in VDC that can be read using a multimeter. It helps us setting the current output of the stepper motor driver.

Different 3D printer mainboards use different stepper motor drivers. Each type of stepper motor drivers has its own formula to calculate the required Vref to get a specific current.

You can learn how to adjust the Vref by watching the video or by following this guide as example:

Lowering current on Ender-6

If your printer doesn't have DigiPOTs, and in case you don't have a multimeter to visualize the Vref you may still adjust the current fed to the LGX stepper motor by trial and error.

Use the analog potentiometer (inside yellow ring)next to the extruder's stepper motor driver (below the heatsink inside the red ring), and turn the potentiometer a few degrees at a time.

Rotate it counter clockwise to lower the current, or clockwise to increase it.

Between each iteration, use the printer and check if the stepper motor is not getting hot neither it is loosing steps.

Lower current if stepper motor is too hot to touch.

Increase current if stepper motor is loosing steps.

DigiPOTs are digital potentiometers which resistance can be varied by digital communication instead of turning a knob, like seen above.

On a 3D printer with a mainboard carrying DigiPOTs, you may use the user interface of the unit (if that feature is available) or even Gcode commands to set the current of the different stepper motors.

On RepRap units with DigiPOTs, the M906 command may be used to change the Extruder stepper motor current M906 Ennn, where nnn is the amount of milliamps desired.

Marlin also uses a similar command. M906 Ennn sets the current on TMC drivers. On stepper motors with other drivers and DigiPOTs, you may also set the current in milliamps using the command M907 Ennn

Video Guides

CREDITS

Soundtrack is based on 2 Bensound cinematic tunes:
Adventure;
Memories.

Check Bensound at https://www.bensound.com/

IMPORTANT NOTICE:
*************************************************************************************************
There is a miss on this video guide that will be corrected soon. To use the Direct Drive Interface Plugs with Slice Enginering hotends it is recommended to use a PTFE tube between the extruder and the heat break. Info on how to install it will be posted as a new video. This information does not have impact on using the LGX FF For Flexibles Set. Below is some useful additional information:

PFTE tube lengths:
Old Mosquito/Mosquito Magnum : 10 mm
New Mosquito/Mosquito Magnum : 11 mm
Copperhead screw mount : 30 mm
PTFE tube should be cut straight on both ends.
Slight chamfer inside is recommended, but not mandatory.
*************************************************************************************************

Product Videos

STEP Files To Download

Click the links below to download STEP files with simplified geometries of each available setup.

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