Talar du svenska? Let's learn some swedish: Nobel's peace prize goes to...

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Nobel’s peace prize goes to…

Nobel’s peace prize goes to…

The Nobel Peace Prize

According to Wikipedia, “The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel…”

Unlike the other 4 Nobel prizes, that are awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy Of Sciences, the Nobel Prize is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and is announced every year during the Nobel Prize award ceremony at Stockholm Concert Hall, in Sweden.

Due to his international character, the prize itself is awarded during an English spoken ceremony that occurs every 10th of December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.

Despite the multi-national character of the prize, and the fact the prize itself is not presented in this way, we selected this theme and this sentence to start with our “Talar du svenska?” series. It’s easy to relate with English, and actually makes sense as a prize presenting hook. Click the image to hear the sound sample.

Nobels fredspriset går till…

Nobels

Here we can see a way how the possessive can be formed in Swedish. An s is added to the subject to indicate the following object belongs to Nobel.

Nobel’s peace prize goes to…

Nobel’s

In English the possessif sentence adds ‘s to the subject Nobel as a way to replace “Nobel has” or “belongs to Nobel”.

fredspris

Here, the whole object fredspriset is composed of pris (prize) which is a sub-object that belongs to fred (peace), the sub-subject.

peace prize

While in English, for this particular application, peace is used as an adjective of the prize, the object saying it’s that kind of prize.

går

The subject is a thing, a det in this case. The verb att gå (to go) uses går
as Present tense to all the personal subjects, singular and plural.

goes

Here the verb should be translated to the 3rd person singular it. The 3rd person singularis the only that changes its form.

Jåg går
Du går
Han, Hon, Den, Det går
Vi går
Ni går
De går

This rule applies to all verbs in Swedish.
In Present tense, all persons use the same form.

I go
You go
He, She, It goes
We go
You go
They go

This rule also applies to all verbs in English.
In Present tense the 3rd person singular changes.

till

This word can be used in Swedish as an adjective, adverb or preposition. Here is used as a preposition meaning “to” to signal a direction.

to

In English, and in this application the Swedish word “till” should be translated by the preposition “to”, conveying the same sense of direction.

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